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The gatsby-config.js API File

The file gatsby-config.js defines your site’s metadata, plugins, and other general configuration. This file should be in the root of your Gatsby site.

If you created a Gatsby site with the gatsby new command, there should already be a sample configuration file in your site’s directory.

Set up the configuration file

The configuration file should export a JavaScript object. Within this object, you can define several different configuration options.

An example gatsby-config.js file could look like this:

Configuration options

There are many configuration options available, but the most common set site-wide metadata and enable plugins.

Site metadata

The siteMetadata object can contain any data you want to share across your site. A useful example is the site’s title. If you store the title in siteMetadata, you can alter the title in one place, and it will be updated throughout your site. To add metadata, include a siteMetadata object in your configuration file:

You can then access the site title using GraphQL anywhere on your site.


Plugins add new features to your Gatsby site. For example, some plugins fetch data from hosted services, transform data formats, or resize images. The Gatsby plugin library helps you find the right plugin for your needs.

Installing a plugin using a package manager like npm does not enable it in your Gatsby site. To finish adding a plugin, make sure your gatsby-config.js file has a plugins array so you can include a space for the plugins needed to build your site:

When adding multiple plugins, they should be separated by commas in the plugins array to support valid JavaScript syntax.

Plugins without options

If a plugin does not require any options, you can add its name as a string to the plugins array:

Plugins with options

Many plugins have optional or required options to configure them. Instead of adding a name string to the plugins array, add an object with its name and options. Most plugins show examples in their README file or page in the Gatsby plugin library.

Here’s an example showing how to write an object with keys to resolve the plugin name and an options object with any applicable settings:

Mixed plugins

You can add plugins with and without options in the same array. Your site’s config file could look like this:

Additional configuration options

There are several more configuration options available for gatsby-config.js. You can find a list of every option in the Gatsby Configuration API page.

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